Ride through the silent Bardiya jungle catching wildlife by surprise in the largest national park of Nepal . Take nature walks with experienced naturalists with years of experience in the region.Go for white water rafting on the Karnali, the longest river in Nepal, where you can watch the Gangetic dolphins surface or gharials lazing in the sun. Meet the charming Rana Tharu and Dangora people of southern Nepal and learn about their colorful culture. An hour-long flight from Kathmandu and a few hours on the road brings you to the jungles of Bardiya in west Nepal. Safari in the pristine jungles of Bardiya is an unforgettable experience that will remain with you for a lifetime. The national park is home to countless species of mammals, reptiles and birds, some of which like the Bluebull are not found in Chitwan.
Bardiya National Park is one of the most pristine conservation areas in the Tarai and is home to the endangered Royal Bengal tiger and Nepal’s famous One-horned rhinoceros besides countless other mammals and reptiles. The park located in the far western district of Bardiya, is bordered by the Karnali River in the west, the Churia range in the north, while the Babai River flows right through it.The national park is covered in vast Sal and riverine forests and tall elephant grass, making it an ideal habitat for many kinds of animals that roam freely. The park hosts 30 species of mammals, more than 250 species of birds, and several varieties of reptiles. There are more sightings of tigers here than in other national parks which attracts visitors who come repeatedly to catch a glimpse of the elusive cat.
Some of the other animals found here are elephants, swamp deer, blackbuck, gharials and marsh-muggers. The exotic Gangetic dolphin is also sometimes seen along the surface of the Karnali. Birds found here include endangered species like the Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and the sarus crane.The park offers opportunities for sport fishing at the Karnali and Babai rivers. The best time to visit is autumn, winter and early summer when the weather is warm and dry, but not too hot. Activities in the park include elephant rides, jeep safari, rafting, sport fishing and bird watching accompanied by a naturalist.
There are more than a dozen safari lodges in Bardiya that provide excellent accommodations and facilities for guests to enjoy wildlife activities. The Park headquarters in Thakurdwara is approximately an hour’s drive away from the Nepalgunj-Surkhet road. Bardiya can also be reached by road, passing through Nepalgunj from where the national park is only a two hour drive away.
More about Bardiya National Park
The crest of the Siwalik Hills range- Chure Parbat Srinkhala demarcates the northern limits of the park. Nepalgunj-Surkhet highway partly forms the southern boundary and disturbs and disrupts the protected area. Natural fences and bars of the Babai River in Southeast and Geruwa- Karnali River branch at west boundaries to human settlements.
Bardiya National Park is neighboring with Banke National Park represent the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) in the Banke Bardiya region of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.
Climate, Geography, and Topography of the Area
Trio distinct climates of Bardiya National Park, providing a unique experience, always make surprising joy to everyone. October to early April, the land will be dry, days will warm and nights will little cool and pleasant. Whereas from April to June temperature will increase and get warmer, and reach up to 450 C in May/June. From there the rainy season will start till September.
Flora and Fauna at the Reservation
This protected area will offer a variety of experience in its vast undisturbed and disrupted wilderness. Most of the land is covered with Sal Trees.
With the balance mixture of Grassland, Savannah and riverine forest, the park is covered with the forest around 70%. Around 839 species of flora are recorded in the park including 173 vascular plants (140 dicots, 26 monocots, 6 ferns, and 1 gymnosperm).
The park is home to endangered animals. Endangered animals such as Royal Bengal Tiger, wild Asian elephant, one-horned Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer, Black Buck, and other endangered species including Gharial Crocodile, Marsh Mugger, and Gangetic Dolphine are protected in the park. It also reserved some endangered birds such as Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Sarus Crane, etc. More Than 30 different Mammals, 230 species of birds, several snake species and lizard, and several fish species have been recorded inside the park. Among the resident species, the park is also seasonal home for many Migratory birds that travel to Nepal. Current checklists include 407 species of birds such as Bengal Florican, white-rumped Vulture, Peafowl, and Bar-headed Geese and are symbolic of the park. Lesser Florican, Silver-Eared Mesia and Sarus Crane have also been sighted in the park.
The Head Quarter of the Park has Museum. Visitors can also enjoy Tharu Culture in the Park. The Park has set up wireless radio communication at the HQ for emergency usage. Private vehicle travelers must have to make sure that have enough fuel. Although there is Community Health Post at Thakurdwar, the Park suggests the visitors take comprehensive first aid kit including medicines for intestinal problems.Several Lodges are surrounding the park providing well services to the visitors and tourists
Highlights of Bardiya National Park
- Crocodile Breeding Centre
- Jungle safari with jeep drive
- Karnali River Rafting
- Tharu village and culture tour
- Elephant safari
- Jungle/Nature walk
- Cultural Program etc.
- Butterfly watching
- Bird Watching